[Security-announce] VMSA-2018-0025 - VMware ESXi, Workstation, and Fusion workarounds address a denial-of-service vulnerability

VMware Security Announcements security-announce at lists.vmware.com
Tue Oct 9 10:29:14 PDT 2018

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                        VMware Security Advisory

Advisory ID: VMSA-2018-0025
Severity:    Important
Synopsis:    VMware ESXi, Workstation, and Fusion workarounds address a
             denial-of-service vulnerability
Issue date:  2018-10-09
Updated on:  2018-10-09 (Initial Advisory)
CVE number:  CVE-2018-6977

1. Summary

   VMware ESXi, Workstation, and Fusion workarounds address a denial-of
   -service vulnerability

2. Relevant Products

   VMware vSphere ESXi (ESXi)
   VMware Workstation Pro / Player (Workstation)
   VMware Fusion Pro / Fusion (Fusion)

3. Problem Description

   Denial-of-service vulnerability in 3D-acceleration feature

   VMware ESXi, Workstation and Fusion contain a denial-of-service
   vulnerability due to an infinite loop in a 3D-rendering shader.
   Successfully exploiting this issue may allow an attacker with normal
   user privileges in the guest to make the VM unresponsive, and in
   some cases, possibly result other VMs on the host or the host
   itself becoming unresponsive.

   Because many graphics API's and hardware lack pre-emption support, a
   specially crafted 3D shader may loop for an infinite amount of time
   and lock up a VM's virtual graphics device. Such a shader cannot
   always be validated by VMware hypervisors, since it may be well-
   formed but still cause problems if designed to run for an extremely
   long time. In such cases, VMware hypervisors then rely on the host's
   graphics driver to ensure that other users of 3D graphics on the
   host are not impacted by the malicious VM. However, many graphics
   drivers may themselves get into to a denial-of-service condition
   caused by such infinite shaders, and as a result other VMs or
   processes running on the host might also be affected.

   The workaround for this issue requires disabling the 3D-acceleration
   feature as documented in the Mitigation/Workaround column of the
   below table.

   The issue can only be exploited if 3D-acceleration feature is
   enabled. It is not enabled by default on ESXi and is enabled by
   default on Workstation and Fusion. The 3D-acceleration settings can
   be reviewed as follows.

   With Host Client or vCenter, go to the individual VM > configure >
   hardware > video card > 3D Graphics --> Check if "3D Graphics" is
   Go to individual VMX file and then check for "mks.enable3d"
   if the VMs have the option "mks.enable3d=TRUE", then 3D-acceleration
   feature is enabled

   - Select virtual machine and select VM > Settings.
   - On the Hardware tab, select Display
    If the "Accelerate 3D graphics" is checked then 3D-acceleration
    feature is enabled.

   -From the VMware Fusion menu bar, select Window > Virtual Machine
   -Select a virtual machine and click Settings.
   -In the Settings Window > select Display.
    If the "Accelerate 3D graphics" is checked then 3D-acceleration
    feature is enabled.

   VMware would like to thank Piotr Bania of Cisco Talos for reporting
   this issue to us.

   The Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures project (cve.mitre.org) has
   assigned the identifier CVE-2018-6977 to this issue.

   Column 5 of the following table lists the action required to
   remediate the vulnerability in each release, if a solution is

   VMware        Product Running            Replace with/   Mitigation/
   Product       Version on      Severity   Apply patch*    Workaround
   ============= ======= ======= ========= ==============  ==========
    ESXi           Any    Any    Important       n/a     See references
   Workstation     Any    Any    Important       n/a       KB59146
    Fusion         Any    OS X   Important       n/a       KB59146

  *There is no patch for this issue, customers must review their risk
   and apply the workarounds if applicable.

4. Solution

   Please see the above table for Mitigation/Workaround.

 5. References


   Item 34, vm.disable-non-essential-3D-features of the vSphere
   Security Configuration Guide for 6.5 Update 1
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6. Change log

   VMSA-2018-0024 2018-10-09
   Initial security advisory documenting workarounds for VMware ESXi,
   Workstation and Fusion on 2018-10-09.

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7. Contact

   E-mail list for product security notifications and announcements:

   This Security Advisory is posted to the following lists:

     security-announce at lists.vmware.com
     bugtraq at securityfocus.com
     fulldisclosure at seclists.org

   E-mail: security at vmware.com
   PGP key at: https://kb.vmware.com/kb/1055

   VMware Security Advisories

   VMware Security Response Policy

   VMware Lifecycle Support Phases

   VMware Security & Compliance Blog


   Copyright 2018 VMware Inc.  All rights reserved.

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